Anna Gruszczyńska

Is language a barrier? Poles on the American labour market

Immigrants’ linguistic abilities have an important impact on their access to employment opportunities on foreign labour markets. According to the American Community Survey, over 220,000 Poles in the United States (either immigrants or those who report Polish ancestry) are classified by the U.S. Census Bureau as limited English proficient (LEP) individuals. About 40% of Polish immigrants speak English less than very well.

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